Morocco’s growing dependence on fossil fuel imports, which accounts for more than 95% of its total primary energy supply (excluding the traditional use of biomass), is alarming. In addition to the burden of the energy bill, there is a raising energy security concern. The total primary energy supply in 2014 is around 19 Millions of tonnes of oil equivalent, and the energy demand is growing fast.
In the last decade, we’ve witnessed a sustained increase in electricity demand of around 5.2 %, and the demand is expected to attain 45 TWH by 2020. Furthermore, the country has relied on fuels as its main power sources. The trend seems to change big. While in 2016 the coal continues to dominate the electricity mix, it has made up around 34% of total power capacity, and the share will increase to 36% by 2020 meanly by the added thermal generation capacity (693×2 MW) in SAFI, operational in 2018. Later on, the attitude will change and the coal will subside part of its share to gas, since the gas has many advantages compared to coal, such as low carbon emissions and its flexibility in expanding power supply. The gas will transition from 10% of installed capacity in 2016 to around 25% by 2030, and the coal power capacity share will decline to 21% at that time.
The pledges made as part of the government’s energy strategy has sped up the pace of change in the energy sector. By 2020, the country bids to reach 42% of installed power capacity from the renewables: 14% from solar, 14% from wind and 14% from hydropower. The country is vying to fuel its economic growth in a way that is clean, sustainable and most importantly, cost-effective. Furthermore, renewable energy technologies offer a way for Morocco to improve its energy security by diversifying fuel sources while reducing environmental impacts.
The country is witnessing a fast-growing middle class, and one of its repercussions is an increase in electricity consumption per capita ( 0.56 tep/capita in 2014). And because there is no realistic change in the energy sector without vigorous energy efficiency component, the country bids to reduce its end-use energy intensity by 20% by 2030, and for, that an enabling environment is ensured through the supporting legislations -thermal regulation for construction-, advanced technologies.